Use Access Services in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 to edit, update, and create linked Microsoft Access 2010 databases that can be viewed and manipulated by using an Internet browser, the Access client, or a linked HTML page.
Business Data Connectivity service
SharePoint Server 2010 and the Microsoft Office 2010 suites include Microsoft Business Connectivity Services, which is a set of services and features that provide a way to connect SharePoint-based solutions to sources of external data and to define external content types based on that external data.
Excel Services Application
Excel Services in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 can be used to publish Excel client workbooks on SharePoint Server 2010.
Managed Metadata service
Managed metadata is a hierarchical collection of centrally managed terms that you can define, and then use as attributes for items in SharePoint Server 2010. The Managed Metadata Service supports the use of managed metadata, as well as the sharing of content types across the enterprise.
PerformancePoint Service Application
PerformancePoint Services in Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 provides flexible, easy-to-use tools for building dashboards, scorecards, and key performance indicators (KPIs).
With the new capabilities in SharePoint Server 2010, search administrators can configure an optimal search infrastructure that helps end users find information in the enterprise quickly and efficiently.
Secure Store Service
The Secure Store Service is an authorization service that runs on an application server. The Secure Store Service provides a database that is used to store credentials. These credentials usually consist of a user identity and password, but can also contain other fields that you define. For example, SharePoint Server 2010 can use the secure store database to store and retrieve credentials for access to external data sources. The Secure Store Service provides support for storing multiple sets of credentials for multiple back-end systems.
The State Service is a shared service that is used by some Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 components to store temporary data across related HTTP requests in a SQL Server database. In SharePoint Server 2010, the State Service is required by InfoPath Forms Services (including out of the box and custom workflow forms), the SharePoint Server 2010 Chart Web Part, and certain Microsoft Visio 2010 scenarios that do not use Microsoft Silverlight 3.
Usage and Health Data Collection service
SharePoint Server 2010 includes an integrated health analysis tool called SharePoint Health Analyzer that enables SharePoint Server to automatically check for potential configuration, performance, and usage problems.
User Profile service
The User Profile Service provides our SharePoint farm with all the social networking features that we have come to love in SharePoint 2007, plus more. It forms the basis of My Site support, User profile pages, Audiences and some of the newer features in SharePoint 2010 social computing such as social tagging.
Visio Graphics Service
The Visio Graphics Service is a service on the SharePoint Server 2010 platform that enables users to share and view Visio diagrams and enables data-connected Microsoft Visio 2010 diagrams to be refreshed and updated from a variety of data sources.
Web Analytics service
Advanced installation of SharePoint Server 2010 requires separate configuration of the Web Analytics service application. You can configure the Web Analytics service application after installation of SharePoint Server 2010 by using one of the following tools:
Word Automation Services
When a conversion job fails, the solution typically provides the string that is displayed in the ConversionItemInfo.ErrorMessage for each failed conversion and directs the user to perform any needed actions on the file. In some cases ConversionItemInfo.ErrorMessage does not contain enough information for an administrator to diagnose and correct a potential system failure
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service
Provides multi-tenant functionality for service applications. Tracks subscription IDs and settings for services that are deployed in partitioned mode. Deployed through Windows PowerShell only.